What Does a Lawyer Do?

Lawyers provide legal advice and representation to individuals, companies, organizations, and government agencies. They research and interpret legal statutes, regulations, and precedent to address a specific issue or case.

Explore resources about career paths, salary expectations, and job growth potential for lawyers by practice area. Consider your interests and strengths to make the best career choice for you.

Legal Advice

It’s important to remember that legal advice comes at a price and it takes years of study and a lot of experience for attorneys to get where they are today. It’s also a big deal from a professional standpoint because only an attorney who establishes an attorney-client relationship can provide legal advice. Giving legal advice without that relationship can be construed as the unauthorized practice of law which can result in fines and other penalties.

The good news is that there are many options for getting free or low cost legal help. From community legal centres to no win no fee solicitors and online services like Avvo there are many places where you can get practical legal advice. It’s just a matter of finding the right fit for your particular legal worry and budget. Many of these organisations will have a dedicated team who can assist with a specific area of law such as family, employment or criminal law.

Representation in Court

Many legal proceedings are governed by laws that are complex and often difficult to understand. Lawyers are trained professionals who spend years studying the law and learning how to present cases in court. Although you can obtain some information about the legal system from court staff, it is often a good idea to have professional representation in any case that goes through the court process.

When attorneys represent clients, there are certain duties that are placed on both the attorney and the client. For example, the attorney must always zealously defend the interests of his or her client. He or she must also keep the client apprised of developments in the case and answer questions.

Attorneys may charge a fee for their services. Some attorneys charge a flat fee, which is a set amount that the attorney and client agree upon before the attorney begins work on the case. Other attorneys bill by the hour.


Negotiation is a strategic discussion intended to resolve an issue in a way that both parties find acceptable. It can take place between buyers and sellers, employers and prospective employees, or even the governments of two or more countries. In any negotiation, one or both parties will have to make concessions in order to reach an agreement.

A lawyer can assist you in negotiating a favorable contract or settlement. They can help you identify your priorities and objectives, cap a dollar amount if applicable, and craft a contract that satisfies all the key components of your deal.

Prior to negotiations, you should prepare by identifying your must-haves, good-to-haves, and things you can live without. It is also a good idea to have backup plans and consider what you will do if you cannot reach an agreement. A successful negotiation is an astute balancing of all interests that provides maximum value for both parties. This approach is often referred to as integrative negotiation.


Legal advocacy includes tasks like educating people about their rights and legal options, and defending them in court against allegations. It can also include preparing and filing legal documents.

Those who work in the field of advocacy may specialize in certain types of cases or work on specific issues. For example, some advocate for children or prisoners and help them navigate the legal system. Others may focus on a social issue, such as veganism or the environment, and try to influence policy and legislation.

While activism and lobbying are both forms of advocacy, they’re not the same. Activism involves mobilizing supporters and protests, while advocacy is more about working within the system to affect change. A lawyer can advocate for his or her clients at the municipal, state or national level by meeting with lawmakers and urging them to support certain legislation. However, most advocates work at the local or community level to advance their causes and make a difference in their communities.Rechtsanwalt

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